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Marchesi de' Frescobaldi, one of the most important producers of premium-quality wines in Italy,currently owns the largest extent of vineyards in Tuscany, with 1,200 hectares shared by nine estates, all of them located in esteemed viticultural areas and dedicated to the production of prestigious DOCG, DOC, and IGT wines. Each estate is the unique expression of its local terroir. Castel GiocondoConstructed in 1100 to guard the road from the port at Talamone to Siena, the castle has belonged to the Frescobaldi family since 1989. Already one of the top-quality producers of Brunello di Montalcino in the late 19th century, the tenuta of Castelgiocondo yields massively-structured wines of great complexity and balance.The estate lies on the Maremma-facing slope of Montalcino, at elevations ranging from 180 to 420 metres, and comprises 815 hectares, with 235 hectares under vine. A total of 152 hectares are officially registered for the production of Brunello di Montalcino. The soils, given their various elevations, are diverse, and the climate is warm and dry, relieved by marine breezes: these are ideal conditions for producing very full-bodied, sturdily-structured and powerful wines that are, at the same time, characterised by remarkable finesse and balance. Castello di NipozzanoBuilt in year 1000 as a defensive fortress, became the centre of communal life for the village of the same name. Today the castle houses the wine cellar, where the estate red wines are produced and cask-aged.The estate lies in the heart of the Chianti Rufina area, covering 626 hectares at elevations between 330 and 400 metres. 240 hectares are planted with Sangiovese, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Merlot, and Syrah. The soil, rich in clay and limestone, and its dry, well-ventilated weather compose the ideal terroir for the production of wines that are elegant and well balanced, full bodied, with firm structures to last them over many years. Those qualities are amply demonstrated by Nipozzano Chianti Rufina Riserva DOCG and by the Montesodi and Mormoreto crus.
Located southwest of Chianti, Montalcino came into its own in the late 1880s when local producer,Biondi-Santi, discovered a Sangiovese clone in his vineyard that was darker in colour than the rest. Its colour, however, was not its only attribute. It produced a wine with notable body, structure and length. He named it ‘brunello' meaning little dark one. This grape's genetic properties along with Montalcino's relatively temperate climate combine to create a wine stylistically different to that of more northerly Chianti. They are usually released approximately 5 years after the vintage following 2 to 4 years ageing in wood. The denomination of Riserva indicates a wine usually produced with more concentrated grapes than the traditional cuvéeand requires a minimum of one additional year of ageing.Today, Montalcino has become one of the most sought after appellations in the Tuscan region.